Clocks go back this weekend in return to Greenwich Mean Time – but when?

Daylight saving time: Why do the clocks go forward?

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Leaves are beginning to fall, temperatures are dropping and the mornings are turning darker – all signs winter is coming. As the end of October draws closer, another important event is due: the changing of the clocks. In the early hours of Sunday, the UK will revert to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

All countries in the world have four seasons and the severity of each is contingent on the location of each nation.

The seasons are a result of the earth’s annual journey around the sun.

Whichever pole tilts towards the Sun sunnier weather is experienced – resulting in the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter.

The idea of changing of the time has been in place since Edwardian builder William Willett first introduced the idea of British Summer Time in 1907.

However, during the years of the First World War, Mr Willett’s “outrageous” scheme was introduced by Germany in April 1916 to help them cut costs for the economy, especially spending on fuel – after which many other countries followed suit.

What time do the clocks go back?

The clocks go back this weekend meaning people will get an extra hour in bed.

In the UK, the clocks will go back by an hour, to Greenwich Mean Time, at 2am on Sunday, October 31.

This means at 2am, the hour from 1am to 2am will be repeated again.

They went forward an hour to British Summer Time (BST) in March.

As the clocks move back an hour there will be more daylight in the mornings and less in the evenings.

They are changed every year in certain countries to enable people to make better use of daylight hours.

Daylight Saving Time is also seen as an effective way of reducing energy consumption with claims people will use less heat.

However, this has been disputed and argued against by many experts.

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There has been much debate in recent years as to whether there is still the need to change the clocks twice a year.

Many arguments claim is it unclear if energy savings are actually being made by the change – but potential health risks are obvious.

Some believe darker mornings are more dangerous for children.

In 2011, Conservative Party MP Rebecca Harris floated a bill calling for year-round daylight savings.

But the bill failed to complete its passage through Parliament before the end of the session and was dropped.

Polling data from 2011 found 53 percent of Britons were in favour of making daylight savings a permanent change.

The same YouGov poll found 32 percent opposed the change.

Many in Scotland were particularly against the move because it would mean the sun would not fully rise in some parts of the country until 10am.

This would mean some of the country’s farmers would be left working in total darkness for hours.

Other workers including those in the agriculture and construction sectors would potentially be forced to work later into the evening due to the darkness.

When will the clocks next change?

The clocks will change twice in 2022.

They will move forward by one hour on March 26.

The clocks will change again, moving back by an hour, on October 29.

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